AI Policy 2022 Overview

Just came across an overview of AI policy for 2022 published by AI Hub. It covers ongoing AI policy debates across different regions. It also suggests this great EuropeanAI Newsletter. Not at all a comprehensive source, but a good place to start mapping developments.

United States: Blueprint for AI Bill of Rights

Canada: Draft Law on AI

Europe: Artificial Intelligence Liability Directive (AILD), following theĀ 2021 proposed legal framework, and the 2020 white paper.

Microsoft on Advances in Artificial Intelligence and Cybersecurity

In early May 2022, Microsoft’s Chief Scientific Officer Eric Horvitz appeared before the US Senate to testify on applications of artificial intelligence in cybersecurity. The written document is available on Microsoft’s official blog and a recording of the session can be seen at the official website from the US Senate Committee on Armed Services. The hearing also had the presence of Andrew Moore from Google and Andrew Lohn from Georgetown University.

In Microsoft’s documents, they point that cybersecurity threats are growing in complexity and scale, and techniques are advancing in sophistication targeting critical infrastructure and accessing confidential data. In 2021 alone, Microsoft’s 365 Defender Suite blocked 9.6 billion malware threats, 35.7 phishing and malicious e-mails, and 25.6 billion attempts to hijack accounts. These numbers are impressive not only for being evidence to the magnitude of cybersecurity challenges, but also indicate incredible resilience.

Cybersecurity has become a bigger challenge in the past few years due to the massive shift to remote working caused by the pandemic lockdowns, especially for the fact that professionals moved from controlled and secured environments to remote connections. Another factor is the fluidity between professional and personal online activities, which can increase vulnerability to cyberattacks, especially through techniques of social engineering. AI technologies, for example, can be used to learn user behavior and trick individuals into performing unintended actions online.

Artificial intelligence has made significant advancements in the past decade in areas of machine vision, natural language processing, speech recognition, diagnosis, reasoning, robotics and machine learning, with impressive accuracy performance in deep neural nets using large amounts of data and computational resources. Breakthroughs have been particularly seen in vision and language. But as well as harnessing the immense opportunities of this technology, society needs to continue applying efforts to understand how the technology is used by malicious actors so that prevention, mitigating, and response activities can be in proper place.

In terms of advancing cybersecurity, AI technologies can be used to automate the interpretation of signals generated during attacks. This can help by providing insights from past attacks to detect and predict patterns in future attacks and also to adapt response during attacks. AI technologies can also help scale, orchestrate and automate response actions, which allow professionals to focus their efforts on attacks that require specialized expertise.

Recommendations include knowledge sharing through best practices and cross-sector partnerships, cybersecurity specific benchmarks, training and education, and R&D investments on machine learning application for every step of the cyber attack chain.

To access the entire document, please visit Microsoft’s official blog post Applications for artificial intelligence in Department of Defense cyber missions. You may also watch the entire hearing by visiting the official website for the US Senate Committee on Armed Services (Subcommittee on Cyber).

Upcoming Hearings: US space policy, cyber defense and EU Artificial Intelligence Act

European Parliament

March 28 | 13:45 – 18:45 CEST: Committee on Legal Affairs. Harmonised rules on Artificial Intelligence (Artificial Intelligence Act) and amending certain Union Legislative Acts. See details.

March 29 | 16:15 – 16:45 CEST: Press Conference on the Presentation of JURI position on Artificial Intelligence Act. See details.

US Congress

March 30 | 10:00 AM EDT: US House of Representatives Committee on Science, Space and Technology. “Space Situational Awareness: Guiding the Transition to a Civil Capability. Subcommittee on Space and Aeronautics.” See details.

March 30 | 10:00 AM EDT: US House of Representatives Committee on Financial Services. Task Force on Artificial Intelligence. “Keeping Up with the Codes.” See details.

March 30 | 2:00 PM EDT: Committee on Homeland Security. Cybersecurity. Mobilizing ou Cyber Defenses: Securing Critical Infrastructure Against Russian Cyber Threats. See details.

March 31 | 10:00 AM EDT: Committee on Homeland Security. Subcommittee on Oversight, Management, and Accountability. “Assessing the Department of Homeland Security’s Efforts to Counter Unmanned Aircraft Systems”. See details.

China’s new draft proposal for algorithm regulation

The Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC) has proposed a new 30-point draft regulation for algorithms and is soliciting public feedback by September 26, reports two young Chinese (HK-based) journalists.

According to their report, the draft proposal is part of the Chinese government’s initiative to redirect users “attention to online content that the state deems fit for broad public consumption”.

They also report government’s concern with excessive celebrity exposure and influence on public opinion, including direct rules to prohibit app alerts about “celebrity gossip, violence and vulgar content”.

The major clause in the draft proposal is intended to empower “consumers to have the option to decline recommendations generated by algorithms.

The draft rules also “imposes additional legal responsibilities on the algorithm owners” and demands registration of “their algorithms with regulators within 10 working days after the new rules come into effect”.

Details in the following South China Morning Post article:

Beijing drafts rules to rein in the algorithms used by big tech to push videos and popular apps in widespread crackdown

Upcoming hearings: US policy on Science, Space and Technology

July 26 | Until August 22: The European Parliament is in recess over the summer holidays from 26 July to 22 August 2021.

July 27 | 10:00 AM EDT: US House of Representatives Committee on Science, Space, and Technology hosts a markup meeting for the NIST Reauthorization Act of 2021; the National Security and Technology Strategy Act of 2021; the Regional Innovation Act of 2021; the Energizing Technology Transfer Act; and the Steel Upgrading Partnerships and Emissions Reduction Act or SUPER Act of 2021. See details.

July 28 | 9:00 AM EDT: US Senate Committee on Foreign Relations will meet to discuss bill S.812, to direct the Secretary of State to develop a strategy to regain observer status for Taiwan in the World Health Organization. See details.

Sources:

European Parliament. Weekly Agenda. Available at: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/agenda/weekly-agenda#agenda-day20210712. Accessed: July 25, 2021.

United States House of Representatives. Legislative Activity. Available at: https://www.house.gov/legislative-activity. Accessed: July 25, 2021.

United States House of Representatives Committee on Science, Space, & Technology. Hearings and Legislation. Markups. Available at: https://science.house.gov/markups/full-committee-markup-of-hr-4609-hr-3858-hr-4588-hr-4606-hr-4599. Accessed: July 25,2021.

United States Congress. Senate Committee Meetings. Available at: https://www.congress.gov/event/117th-congress/senate-event/330140?s=4&r=27. Accessed: July 25, 2021.

United States Congress. Text- S.812. Available at: https://www.congress.gov/bill/117th-congress/senate-bill/812/text. Accessed: July 25, 2021.